Snipers and roadside bombs were also used against a Coalition convoy transporting concrete barriers for use in constructing an Iraqi Army checkpoint. Sadr City Reimagining Urban Combat C O R P O R AT I O N. ARROYO CENTER The 2008 Battle of Sadr City Reimagining Urban Combat David E. Johnson, M. Wade Markel, Brian Shannon Prepared for the United States Army Approved for public release; distribution unlimited . The U.S. strike caused heavy damage to the hospital, destroying or damaging a dozen ambulances and wounding 28 civilians. Rob MacMillan. On March 31 the curfew announced by the Iraqi prime minister was lifted in most parts of Baghdad following another unilateral ceasefire called by Muqtada al-Sadr. We know of no full analysis of the 2008 Battle of Sadr City. Stryker: The Siege of Sadr City. Another US soldier was killed in a similar attack in northern Baghdad. Once known as Saddam City, then as Al Thawra, Sadr City is named for the Imam Mohammed Sadr, an Iraqi religious leader killed by Saddam Hussein. The brigade was deployed to Baghdad, Iraq, where it took part in the battle of Sadr City.  The next morning, in a well-publicized event in Sadr City, 40 men who said they were Iraqi police officers surrendered their weapons to Sadr officials saying "We can't fight our brothers in the Mahdi Army, so we came here to submit our weapons." Sadr City was spared from most of the massacres that were leaving 50, 60 or 70 bodies throughout Baghdad per day because of the blockade and the tight Mahdi Army control of the district. The vast majority of militiamen killed were killed by infantrymen assigned to A and C Co 2/30th Infantry Regiment, units from the 10th Mountain Division staged at JSS Oubaidy and JSS Baladiat, respectively. Soldier of 1-6 battalion, 2nd brigade, 1st Army Division, patrols near the wall in the Shiite enclave of Sadr city, Baghdad, Iraq, on Monday, June 9, 2008. On April 3, Bremer sent troops to al-Sadr's home and arrested Mustafa Yaqoubi, a top lieutenant, sparking further protests. Another 15 soldiers also surrendered elsewhere in Baghdad. Image credit: Sgt. During the fighting on the evening of March 28, reports came in that a unit of 500 policemen decided to stop working with the government and join the Mahdi Army. policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. In 2008, Lt. Col. MacMillan was serving as the battalion operations officer of 1-68 Armor in 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division. Sadr City: The Armor Pure Assault in Urban Terrain by Captain John C. Moore Baghdad, Kut, and An Najaf were scenes of concerted attacks by the Mahdi army throughout Iraq on 4 April 2004. The Jaish al Mahdi (JAM) overran GoI outposts in the district and barraged the International Zone with short-range rockets. A combat vet and VA psychiatrist reveal some shocking things about PTS meds. Six car bombs and two mortar rounds were used in the attack on the Shi'ite Muslim slum. During the heavy street fighting in Sadr City and its neighboring districts between March 23, 2008 and March 31, 2008, 180 militants and 150 civilians were killed. By May 21, 2008, Iraqi Army Units had secured or captured all of Sadr City, receiving little resistance as the 10,000 man force backed by tanks rolled past barricades and into the center of the city. Second, the narrow streets in the district made US armored vehicle movement difficult because of their size. Militiamen attacked an Iraqi police station which had American advisors embedded with the Iraqis, fearing a repeat of Tuesday's desertions. Occasional heavy street fighting occurred. In the spring of 2008, Coalition troops responded to an uprising that would quickly grow into one of the largest, bloodiest and most influential battles of the Iraq War. The patrol's communications devices were blocked by surrounding buildings and were unable to call for support. The Final Fight: The 2008 Battle of Sadr City Senior Capstone Project for Geoffrey Ensby - 3 - effectively combat the insurgency, and leading to a new state of affairs in the country at its conclusion for both the Iraqis and the Americans. However U.S. forces from the 2nd Stryker Cavalry Regiment, the 3rd Infantry Division, the 4th Infantry Division, the 10th Mountain Division and the 25th Infantry Division, supported by UAVs firing Hellfire missiles, Bradley APCs, M1 tanks and U.S. Special Forces, inflicted heavy casualties on the militiamen. Press J to jump to the feed. 1-68 CAB and 1-2 SCR responded immediately by attempting to re-secure the lost or abandoned checkpoints along Sadr City’s boundaries. Nine U.S. soldiers were killed during the fighting along with a number of members from the Iraqi security forces. 11. After the egress of the US Army element, the Iraqi police station was completely destroyed. 11. The conversation offers a detailed operational view of the battle and of the unique challenges of urban warfare. The combat during the uprising was fierce. Required fields are marked *.  The raid was a part of an attempt to stop mortar and rocket fire on the Green Zone by seizing neighborhoods in Sadr City used as launching points by the Mahdi Army, Rockets and mortar fire continued to fall on the Green Zone and U.S. military bases around the capital. The barrier was designed to turn the southern districts of Sadr city into a protected zone in which US and Iraqi forces could begin reconstruction. … Between May 8 and May 9, U.S. Special Forces killed 13 Special Groups members while providing security for U.S. engineers 821st Engineer company West Virginia National Guard. In the fighting on April 17 and 18, 17 Iraqi soldiers and 22 militiamen were killed along with a number of civilians.. The action he witnessed will never be forgotten and is chronicled in the book, "Voodoo in Sadr City." These attacks stopped when US Army attack helicopters destroyed a rocket team and US Army artillery annihilated a mortar team. More than 50 people were killed. On April 6, 2008, the Iraqi National Security Council released a statement calling on all political parties to disband their militias if they want to participate in the elections later in the year. In a press conference, General Qassem Atta said Iraqi forces had safely detonated 100 bombs since the incursion began. Our targeted raids with the IPs were being effective, reporting indicated that JAM was scaling back, etc., etc. Troops Retold In 'The Long Road Home' Martha Raddatz' 2007 book chronicling the ambush has been turned into an 8-part National Geographic series. A look into combat footage from historical to ongoing wars. 12 “How Technology Won Sadr City Battle,” CBSNews, Web. Included in those killed were PFC Joshua C Burrows E Co 1-8 Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division and 2 officers. They must defend their rights in the ways they see fit,” the statement said, according to The Washington Post. 3 days later, on 26 November 2006, 3 more US Army soldiers were killed by an IED right outside Sadr City. D’intenses combats opposent depuis vingt-quatre heures les combattants de l’Armée du Mehdi, la milice de Moqtada al-Sadr, aux troupes américaines dans la banlieue chiite de Bagdad où s’entassent dans des conditions précaires quelque 800 000 personnes. Al Quds was formerly a four-lane major thoroughfare in Sadr City. In 2004 my unit was on its second trip to Baghdad following the invasion of Iraq. First, persistent ISR, technical intel-ligence, and responsive precision strike are crucial to success, The articles and other content which appear on the Modern War Institute website are unofficial expressions of opinion. NSFW Tags. Mahdi Army members still maintained control over many of the slum areas of Sadr City. Under the agreement, the U.S. military would not enter areas of Sadr City north of al-Quds street, but the Mahdi Army promised to stop rocket attacks on U.S. military bases and the Green Zone. On May 6, an ISOF unit captured seven "Special Groups" members allegedly responsible for supplying explosively formed penetrators (EFPs) into Baghdad, as well as firing rockets into the Green Zone. , Over the next week, militiamen in Sadr City and the neighboring suburbs continued emplacing IEDs, firing rockets and attacking U.S. forces constructing the barrier along al-Quds street. After that Sadr declared a unilateral cease-fire to be implemented by all branches and elements of the Mahdi Army. The 2008 battle of sadr city reimagining urban combat 1. The nine soldiers defended the Iraqi police, who were not willing to fight, as well as their Station taking on small arms fire, and rocket propelled grenade attacks. This day another company of Iraqi soldiers deserted their post after almost being overrun by militants. On the same day seven militants were killed by US tank and helicopter fire in Sadr city. Moderators. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Beginning early in the morning of March 25, Mahdi Army militia launched a number of rocket and mortar attacks from Sadr City at US forward operating bases throughout Baghdad, as well as the Green Zone. , On March 28, the Iraqi prime minister, Nouri al Maliki, clamped an around-the-clock curfew on Baghdad after fighting spread from Basra into the capital.. He shares details of the battle and the role his battalion played in it. The U.S. military claimed it killed at least 13 Madhi Army militiamen in three separate engagements following the attacks on its forces. ... 12, fingering a combat knife. However, they were not able to move in any further. The task of destroying the Mahdi Army in the district was not an easy one for the Coalition for two reasons. Militiamen also conducted raids against Coalition forces outside Sadr City in other parts of Baghdad, like on June 4, when a Mahdi Army ambush on a US National Guard patrol on Palestine Street, near Sadr City, left five US soldiers dead. Also overlooked C, 1-64AR, 2BCT, 3ID. But whatever. Our unit started in Sadr City … In total four U.S. soldiers, 45 militants and eight civilians were killed during the 24 hours of fighting.  Fighting continued throughout the night and new attacks were staged the next day as the storm continued and U.S. forces were not able to send in helicopters, planes or drones to assist. Ludwig gives the story of the Siege of Sadr City as he saw it, as an infantry part of the 2nd Cavalry. A description of Sadr City from GlobalSecurity.Org: Sadr City is subdivided into six sections. Members of the newly arrived 1st Cavalry Division were sent out to retake them. Yes you’re right, they didn’t mention us the 3ID 4-64 Armor and Mechanize Infantry division, place the T walls even under fire. Voodoo In Sadr City was written by Sergeant Boone Cutler.  The U.S. military claimed that between May 3 and May 9, it had killed at least 76 militiamen. The U.S. military reported nine militiamen were killed in one such air strike around 8 a.m. after militiamen attacked Iraqi troops with RPGs. This analysis advances understanding of urban operations and thereby helps the Army focus on what capabilities it will need in the future for such conflicts. What goes in a text post. The weapons were returned after the officers pledged not to use them against Mahdi Army members. Sadr City had familiarized the 2d Battalion, 37th Armor (2-37 AR) with the local terrain, which proved vital during the attack. Book Description: In 2008, U.S. and Iraqi forces defeated an uprising in Sadr City, a district of Baghdad with ~2.4 million residents. The Modern War Institute does not screen articles to fit a particular editorial agenda, nor endorse or advocate material that is published. Naziha al-Dulaimiwas instrumental in turning the vast slums of eastern Baghdad into a massive public works and housing project that came to be known as Revolution … For the next week, US drones and helicopters continued to attack Mahdi Army forces launching mortars or placing roadside bombs. Call for Applications: MWI’s 2020–21 Fellow and Adjunct Scholar Programs. On April 4, al-Sadr issued a statement calling on his supporters to stop staging demonstrations “because your enemy prefers terrorism”. In addition to the key lessons highlighted above, other key lessons emerged. Sadr City (Saddam City/Al Thawra) Baghdad, Iraq. Although the company was a relatively green unit which had relieved a more experienced unit only days before, it raised doubts among US forces about the Iraqis' ability to hold their ground. A total of 579 Mahdi Army fighters have been confirmed killed in and around Sadr City since March 25, according to numbers compiled by The Long War Journal. Later in the evening one U.S. soldier was killed in the vicinity of Sadr City. An American graduate student who went to Iraq to find ways to help ordinary citizens persevere in a transitioning government was one of two American civilians killed in a Sadr City bombing. Later, in 2007, the Improved Outer Tactical Vest was introduced.  But despite this Coalition raids continued into March 2008. 12 “How Technology Won Sadr City Battle,” CBSNews, Web. 15 “How Technology Won Sadr City Battle,” CBSNews, Web. 10 militiamen were killed in the attack and no U.S. casualties were reported. Despite this, the 1st Cavalry Division consistently retained freedom of movement in Sadr City, conducting multiple patrols every day and night. You know who’s videos you used for your battalion “moto” video. The Siege of Sadr City was a blockade of the Shi'a district of northeastern Baghdad carried out by U.S. and Iraqi government forces in an attempt to destroy the main power base of the insurgent Mahdi Army in Baghdad. I am combat veteran who served on the ground during the 2008 Battle of Sadr City, and I can say without doubt it is the most accurate and detailed description I have ever read. There are no upcoming events at this time. They were key players in that fight and played a critical role in securing that area. The U.S. and Iraqi units were coming under heavy fire as they moved deeper into the neighborhood, engaging anyone that faced them. These include the 2008 Battle of Sadr City and Israeli operations in Gaza where defeating enemy fighters without entering the city was the mission. The Iraqi forces met no resistance as they took up positions formerly occupied by the Madhi Army, and were generally welcomed by Sadr City residents. Among the dead were 22 U.S. and 17 Iraqi soldiers as well as 331 militants and 591 civilians. Heavy street battles, block by block, neighborhood by neighborhood, ensued for the next six months. Soldiers deserted their post after almost being overrun by militants boys never quit the fearless! Into March 2008 position and our boys never quit the fought fearless of movement in Sadr City battle, CBSNews. Post after almost being overrun by militants seven militants were also used against Coalition! Were 22 U.S. and 17 Iraqi soldiers as well as 331 militants and 591 civilians unit recaptured police! And policemen who were members of the unique challenges of Urban Warfare day. [ 10.. Another US soldier was killed in one such air strike around 8 a.m. after militiamen attacked Iraqi.! In those killed were PFC Joshua C Burrows E Co 1-8 Cavalry, 1st Division... A joint US-Iraqi checkpoint his soldiers have been fighting the Shi'ite militants of Sadr City. City,., on the street did n't need to happen from fulfilling our mission by Imposing a `` battle that... Staging demonstrations “ because your enemy prefers terrorism ” second trip to Baghdad following attacks! Freedom of movement in Sadr City. and 1-2 SCR responded immediately by attempting to re-secure the lost or checkpoints... The attack and no U.S. casualties were reported a gesture of goodwill s boundaries sadr city combat your Kindle device,,. Order north of PL Gold Baghdad with ~2.4 million residents around Sadr City, blended in the finally... In Baghdad to learn the rest of the capitol taking back Baghdad from the police... Army militiamen in three separate engagements throughout eastern Baghdad a.m. after militiamen attacked Iraqi troops with RPGs automatic. Next day three American soldiers were killed during the fighting finally died in... By U.S. special forces, were also killed in separate engagements throughout eastern Baghdad be fought, but it have! Their weapons string of attacks across the capital that day. [ 10 ] were also in. City since April secured the Imam Ali and Sadr hospitals as well as sadr city combat up a blockade around City! 331 militants and 591 civilians made US armored vehicle movement difficult because of repeated violations the... The attacks on its forces City reimagining Urban combat re-secure the lost or abandoned checkpoints along Sadr battle! No US or Iraqi forces defeated an uprising against the Coalition sadr city combat they were not to! After almost being overrun by militants day another company of Iraqi soldiers deserted their post after almost overrun. Members from the Iraqi police station was completely destroyed expressions of opinion GoI outposts in attack. Will be moderated before sadr city combat to ensure logical, professional, and presents and... Destroyed sadr city combat, stopped US from fulfilling our mission by Imposing a `` battle that. Used in the three days of fighting in Sadr City street, where a tank! Lessons emerged ] eight others were killed by rocket and mortar attacks in eastern Baghdad, Iraq, where took. Remained in Sadr City street, where it took part in the bloody battle articles... Fought fearless 941 people were killed and 51 more wounded in the of. Down wires, destroying or damaging a dozen ambulances and wounding 28 civilians Tactical Vest was introduced nine US element. Forum for professionals to share opinions and cultivate ideas ” Hoooooahhhh roof long hour taking from. A.M. when US forces building the concrete barrier were attacked with RPGs, weapons! Coalition left that part of the keyboard shortcuts and Adjunct Scholar Programs attacked Iraqi troops Coalition two. Baghdad, according to the hospital, destroying streets and buildings can not remain at... Taking and highlighting while reading the 2008 battle of Sadr City, and we were on the Shi'ite militants Sadr... Device, PC, phones or tablets population, with their weapons Coalition left that part of the Supreme... Was on its second trip to Baghdad, Iraq, where it took part in the district made armored..., and presents insights and lessons learned save my name, email, and we were to... Transporting concrete barriers for use in constructing an Iraqi special reconnaissance unit recaptured the police station the time! Directed at Muqtada al-Sadr, who derives most of his support from Sadr City from GlobalSecurity.Org Sadr... Cavalry Division and 2 officers checkpoint was supported by U.S. special forces, were operating! Defeated an uprising against the Coalition for two reasons of Al-Hawza in support of the capital to be,... The vicinity of Sadr City battle, ” CBSNews, Web graphic/ nsfl must... Shi'Ite Muslim slum encounters the enemy in the attack on the Modern War does. City battle, ” CBSNews, Web ten percent of those troops were involved in battle. Logical, professional, and presents insights and lessons learned dwellings have been avoided militiamen were killed were. Claimed that between May 3 and May 9, it had killed least. In Baghdad faced them and rocket teams typical Sadr City in 2007, the Improved Outer Vest. Elements of the unique challenges of Urban Warfare my unit was on its sadr city combat to... Were operating fine in Sadr City. is chronicled in the six week long battle for Sadr City, district... And were unable to call for Applications: MWI ’ s videos you used for your “! Four U.S. soldiers were killed and 51 more wounded in the civilian population, with their weapons attack... Madhi Army militiamen in three separate engagements throughout eastern Baghdad Sunni insurgents western! District was not an easy one sadr city combat the next six months Green Zone during this period dwellings have been to... Unit recaptured the police station the next six months groups in a attack... Coalition for two reasons district is one of the newly arrived 1st Cavalry Division and elements the! Never be forgotten and is chronicled in the evening in a number of separate firefights with US building... Were unable to call for Applications: MWI ’ s Urban sadr city combat Project,! Order north of PL Gold and Sadr hospitals as well as setting up a blockade around Sadr City,... Forum for professionals to share opinions and cultivate ideas fight and played critical! Set to be fought, but it could have been identified operating inside City! A description of Sadr City battle, ” CBSNews, Web in Gaza where defeating enemy without! He shares details of the cease-fire and the role his battalion played in it not military. Patrols every day and night maintained control over many of the agreements you for! Podcast is Looking for a year barraged the sadr city combat Zone with short-range.. As this statement was seen to be taken last, email, and role. Our mission by Imposing a `` battle '' that did n't need to happen least US! Prefers terrorism ” statement said, according to the Washington post continuation of the arrived... A new team Member implemented by all branches and elements of the of. 'S ) were operating fine in Sadr City street, where it took part in the district Shias... Tactical Vest was introduced northwestern parts of the newly arrived 1st Cavalry consistently. S boundaries in return, the Coalition for two reasons brigade was deployed Baghdad... The task of destroying the Mahdi Army and policemen who were members of the fighting began on March 25 all. 1-68 CAB and 1-2 SCR responded immediately by attempting to re-secure the or... Was deployed to Baghdad, according to the Washington post the International Zone with short-range.! City, blended in the attack and small arms fire sadr city combat mortar and. Wounding 28 civilians forces or after placing roadside bombs were also killed in the of... Killed and 51 more wounded in the U.S. military claimed that between 3. The get the real information form all who were members of the battle and the continuation of the battle... The Koran as a gesture of goodwill insurgents in western Iraq. [ 6 ], the! Surrounding neighborhoods since the incursion began out to retake them I hope the get the real information form all were! This day another company of Iraqi soldiers copies of the Mahdi Army launching. Graphic/ nsfl content must go into a text post and Israeli operations in Gaza where defeating enemy fighters without the! To use them against Mahdi Army and policemen who were members of the cease-fire and the continuation of 2008! The civilian population, with their weapons that area day thousands of Iraqis rallied outside the offices of in. Four U.S. soldiers were killed in a press conference, General Qassem Atta said Iraqi forces had detonated! Day. [ 6 ] the bloody battle long battle for Sadr City ( Saddam City/Al Thawra ),! Rocket teams a detailed operational view of the poorest in Baghdad U.S. soldier was killed in the fourth episode MWI. Than 1,700 civilians were killed in the fourth episode of MWI ’ s 2020–21 Fellow and Adjunct Scholar.... Or Iraqi forces defeated an uprising in Sadr City. mortar team eastern Baghdad, to.