Snipers and roadside bombs were also used against a Coalition convoy transporting concrete barriers for use in constructing an Iraqi Army checkpoint. Sadr City Reimagining Urban Combat C O R P O R AT I O N. ARROYO CENTER The 2008 Battle of Sadr City Reimagining Urban Combat David E. Johnson, M. Wade Markel, Brian Shannon Prepared for the United States Army Approved for public release; distribution unlimited . The U.S. strike caused heavy damage to the hospital, destroying or damaging a dozen ambulances and wounding 28 civilians. Rob MacMillan. On March 31 the curfew announced by the Iraqi prime minister was lifted in most parts of Baghdad following another unilateral ceasefire called by Muqtada al-Sadr. We know of no full analysis of the 2008 Battle of Sadr City. Stryker: The Siege of Sadr City. Another US soldier was killed in a similar attack in northern Baghdad. Once known as Saddam City, then as Al Thawra, Sadr City is named for the Imam Mohammed Sadr, an Iraqi religious leader killed by Saddam Hussein. The brigade was deployed to Baghdad, Iraq, where it took part in the battle of Sadr City. [15] The next morning, in a well-publicized event in Sadr City, 40 men who said they were Iraqi police officers surrendered their weapons to Sadr officials saying "We can't fight our brothers in the Mahdi Army, so we came here to submit our weapons." Sadr City was spared from most of the massacres that were leaving 50, 60 or 70 bodies throughout Baghdad per day because of the blockade and the tight Mahdi Army control of the district. The vast majority of militiamen killed were killed by infantrymen assigned to A and C Co 2/30th Infantry Regiment, units from the 10th Mountain Division staged at JSS Oubaidy and JSS Baladiat, respectively. Soldier of 1-6 battalion, 2nd brigade, 1st Army Division, patrols near the wall in the Shiite enclave of Sadr city, Baghdad, Iraq, on Monday, June 9, 2008. On April 3, Bremer sent troops to al-Sadr's home and arrested Mustafa Yaqoubi, a top lieutenant,[5] sparking further protests. Another 15 soldiers also surrendered elsewhere in Baghdad. Image credit: Sgt. During the fighting on the evening of March 28, reports came in that a unit of 500 policemen decided to stop working with the government and join the Mahdi Army. policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. In 2008, Lt. Col. MacMillan was serving as the battalion operations officer of 1-68 Armor in 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division. Sadr City: The Armor Pure Assault in Urban Terrain by Captain John C. Moore Baghdad, Kut, and An Najaf were scenes of concerted attacks by the Mahdi army throughout Iraq on 4 April 2004. The Jaish al Mahdi (JAM) overran GoI outposts in the district and barraged the International Zone with short-range rockets. A combat vet and VA psychiatrist reveal some shocking things about PTS meds. Six car bombs and two mortar rounds were used in the attack on the Shi'ite Muslim slum. During the heavy street fighting in Sadr City and its neighboring districts between March 23, 2008 and March 31, 2008, 180 militants and 150 civilians were killed. By May 21, 2008, Iraqi Army Units had secured or captured all of Sadr City, receiving little resistance as the 10,000 man force backed by tanks rolled past barricades and into the center of the city. Second, the narrow streets in the district made US armored vehicle movement difficult because of their size. Militiamen attacked an Iraqi police station which had American advisors embedded with the Iraqis, fearing a repeat of Tuesday's desertions. Occasional heavy street fighting occurred. In the spring of 2008, Coalition troops responded to an uprising that would quickly grow into one of the largest, bloodiest and most influential battles of the Iraq War. The patrol's communications devices were blocked by surrounding buildings and were unable to call for support. The Final Fight: The 2008 Battle of Sadr City Senior Capstone Project for Geoffrey Ensby - 3 - effectively combat the insurgency, and leading to a new state of affairs in the country at its conclusion for both the Iraqis and the Americans. However U.S. forces from the 2nd Stryker Cavalry Regiment, the 3rd Infantry Division, the 4th Infantry Division, the 10th Mountain Division and the 25th Infantry Division, supported by UAVs firing Hellfire missiles, Bradley APCs, M1 tanks and U.S. Special Forces, inflicted heavy casualties on the militiamen. Press J to jump to the feed. 1-68 CAB and 1-2 SCR responded immediately by attempting to re-secure the lost or abandoned checkpoints along Sadr City’s boundaries. Nine U.S. soldiers were killed during the fighting along with a number of members from the Iraqi security forces. 11. After the egress of the US Army element, the Iraqi police station was completely destroyed. 11. The conversation offers a detailed operational view of the battle and of the unique challenges of urban warfare. The combat during the uprising was fierce. Required fields are marked *. [19] The raid was a part of an attempt to stop mortar and rocket fire on the Green Zone by seizing neighborhoods in Sadr City used as launching points by the Mahdi Army, Rockets and mortar fire continued to fall on the Green Zone and U.S. military bases around the capital. The barrier was designed to turn the southern districts of Sadr city into a protected zone in which US and Iraqi forces could begin reconstruction. … Between May 8 and May 9, U.S. Special Forces killed 13 Special Groups members while providing security for U.S. engineers 821st Engineer company West Virginia National Guard. In the fighting on April 17 and 18, 17 Iraqi soldiers and 22 militiamen were killed along with a number of civilians.[25][26][27]. The action he witnessed will never be forgotten and is chronicled in the book, "Voodoo in Sadr City." These attacks stopped when US Army attack helicopters destroyed a rocket team and US Army artillery annihilated a mortar team. More than 50 people were killed. On April 6, 2008, the Iraqi National Security Council released a statement calling on all political parties to disband their militias if they want to participate in the elections later in the year. In a press conference, General Qassem Atta said Iraqi forces had safely detonated 100 bombs since the incursion began. Our targeted raids with the IPs were being effective, reporting indicated that JAM was scaling back, etc., etc. Troops Retold In 'The Long Road Home' Martha Raddatz' 2007 book chronicling the ambush has been turned into an 8-part National Geographic series. A look into combat footage from historical to ongoing wars. 12 “How Technology Won Sadr City Battle,” CBSNews, Web. Included in those killed were PFC Joshua C Burrows E Co 1-8 Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division and 2 officers. They must defend their rights in the ways they see fit,” the statement said, according to The Washington Post. 3 days later, on 26 November 2006, 3 more US Army soldiers were killed by an IED right outside Sadr City. D’intenses combats opposent depuis vingt-quatre heures les combattants de l’Armée du Mehdi, la milice de Moqtada al-Sadr, aux troupes américaines dans la banlieue chiite de Bagdad où s’entassent dans des conditions précaires quelque 800 000 personnes. Al Quds was formerly a four-lane major thoroughfare in Sadr City. In 2004 my unit was on its second trip to Baghdad following the invasion of Iraq. First, persistent ISR, technical intel-ligence, and responsive precision strike are crucial to success, The articles and other content which appear on the Modern War Institute website are unofficial expressions of opinion. NSFW Tags. Mahdi Army members still maintained control over many of the slum areas of Sadr City. Under the agreement, the U.S. military would not enter areas of Sadr City north of al-Quds street, but the Mahdi Army promised to stop rocket attacks on U.S. military bases and the Green Zone. On May 6, an ISOF unit captured seven "Special Groups" members allegedly responsible for supplying explosively formed penetrators (EFPs) into Baghdad, as well as firing rockets into the Green Zone. [37][38], Over the next week, militiamen in Sadr City and the neighboring suburbs continued emplacing IEDs, firing rockets and attacking U.S. forces constructing the barrier along al-Quds street. After that Sadr declared a unilateral cease-fire to be implemented by all branches and elements of the Mahdi Army. The 2008 battle of sadr city reimagining urban combat 1. The nine soldiers defended the Iraqi police, who were not willing to fight, as well as their Station taking on small arms fire, and rocket propelled grenade attacks. This day another company of Iraqi soldiers deserted their post after almost being overrun by militants. On the same day seven militants were killed by US tank and helicopter fire in Sadr city. Moderators. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Beginning early in the morning of March 25, Mahdi Army militia launched a number of rocket and mortar attacks from Sadr City at US forward operating bases throughout Baghdad, as well as the Green Zone. [13], On March 28, the Iraqi prime minister, Nouri al Maliki, clamped an around-the-clock curfew on Baghdad after fighting spread from Basra into the capital.[14]. He shares details of the battle and the role his battalion played in it. The U.S. military claimed it killed at least 13 Madhi Army militiamen in three separate engagements following the attacks on its forces. ... 12, fingering a combat knife. However, they were not able to move in any further. The task of destroying the Mahdi Army in the district was not an easy one for the Coalition for two reasons. Militiamen also conducted raids against Coalition forces outside Sadr City in other parts of Baghdad, like on June 4, when a Mahdi Army ambush on a US National Guard patrol on Palestine Street, near Sadr City, left five US soldiers dead. Also overlooked C, 1-64AR, 2BCT, 3ID. But whatever. Our unit started in Sadr City … In total four U.S. soldiers, 45 militants and eight civilians were killed during the 24 hours of fighting. [22] Fighting continued throughout the night and new attacks were staged the next day as the storm continued and U.S. forces were not able to send in helicopters, planes or drones to assist. Ludwig gives the story of the Siege of Sadr City as he saw it, as an infantry part of the 2nd Cavalry. A description of Sadr City from GlobalSecurity.Org: Sadr City is subdivided into six sections. Members of the newly arrived 1st Cavalry Division were sent out to retake them. Yes you’re right, they didn’t mention us the 3ID 4-64 Armor and Mechanize Infantry division, place the T walls even under fire. Voodoo In Sadr City was written by Sergeant Boone Cutler. [39] The U.S. military claimed that between May 3 and May 9, it had killed at least 76 militiamen. The U.S. military reported nine militiamen were killed in one such air strike around 8 a.m. after militiamen attacked Iraqi troops with RPGs. This analysis advances understanding of urban operations and thereby helps the Army focus on what capabilities it will need in the future for such conflicts. What goes in a text post. The weapons were returned after the officers pledged not to use them against Mahdi Army members. Sadr City had familiarized the 2d Battalion, 37th Armor (2-37 AR) with the local terrain, which proved vital during the attack. Book Description: In 2008, U.S. and Iraqi forces defeated an uprising in Sadr City, a district of Baghdad with ~2.4 million residents. The Modern War Institute does not screen articles to fit a particular editorial agenda, nor endorse or advocate material that is published. Naziha al-Dulaimiwas instrumental in turning the vast slums of eastern Baghdad into a massive public works and housing project that came to be known as Revolution … For the next week, US drones and helicopters continued to attack Mahdi Army forces launching mortars or placing roadside bombs. Call for Applications: MWI’s 2020–21 Fellow and Adjunct Scholar Programs. On April 4, al-Sadr issued a statement calling on his supporters to stop staging demonstrations “because your enemy prefers terrorism”. In addition to the key lessons highlighted above, other key lessons emerged. Sadr City (Saddam City/Al Thawra) Baghdad, Iraq. Although the company was a relatively green unit which had relieved a more experienced unit only days before, it raised doubts among US forces about the Iraqis' ability to hold their ground. A total of 579 Mahdi Army fighters have been confirmed killed in and around Sadr City since March 25, according to numbers compiled by The Long War Journal. Later in the evening one U.S. soldier was killed in the vicinity of Sadr City. An American graduate student who went to Iraq to find ways to help ordinary citizens persevere in a transitioning government was one of two American civilians killed in a Sadr City bombing. Later, in 2007, the Improved Outer Tactical Vest was introduced. [11][12] But despite this Coalition raids continued into March 2008. 12 “How Technology Won Sadr City Battle,” CBSNews, Web. 15 “How Technology Won Sadr City Battle,” CBSNews, Web. 10 militiamen were killed in the attack and no U.S. casualties were reported. Despite this, the 1st Cavalry Division consistently retained freedom of movement in Sadr City, conducting multiple patrols every day and night. You know who’s videos you used for your battalion “moto” video. The Siege of Sadr City was a blockade of the Shi'a district of northeastern Baghdad carried out by U.S. and Iraqi government forces in an attempt to destroy the main power base of the insurgent Mahdi Army in Baghdad. I am combat veteran who served on the ground during the 2008 Battle of Sadr City, and I can say without doubt it is the most accurate and detailed description I have ever read. There are no upcoming events at this time. 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